はじめに

A starter is, as its name suggests, the element which "starts" a fluorescent tube. It is basically just a switch that opens and closes automatically. There are two different types of starters out there, one based on an electrical switch and the other on a mechanical switch. In this guide the mechanical switch is considered, i.e. a glow starter. It consists of a capacitor parallel to a glow lamp made of a bimetal strip (this combination makes an automatically opening and closing switch).

An indicator for a broken fluorescent lamp due to a fused bimetal strip is that the ends of the fluorescent lamp still glow a little bit but the starting process is not initiated (no switching takes place).

Hereafter a repair guide is given that explains how to repair a glow starter that stopped working due to a fused bimetal strip.

  1. 1. First remove fluorescent tube by turning it.
    • 1. First remove fluorescent tube by turning it.

    • 2. Remove housing by lifting the metal sheet notch over the plastic flute with a flat-head screw driver (see circle in second image).

    • 3. Remove the starter by turning it (see circle in third image).

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    20ドル以上のお買い上げで送料無料(米国内にお住まいの方対象)
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  3. In step 2 the error case is determined by opening the starter but it is also possible to skip this step and carry on directly with step 3 without opening the starter (aka the "quick and dirty way").
    • In step 2 the error case is determined by opening the starter but it is also possible to skip this step and carry on directly with step 3 without opening the starter (aka the "quick and dirty way").

    • 1. Check that the starter is a glow starter by opening the starter-housing with a small cut parallel to the long side (see rectangular in second image). The housing is used again later on, so omit a complete destruction. If the disassembled starter looks like the second picture, it is a glow starter.

    • 2. There are three different failure modes of a glow starter, those are:

    • -break-down of capacitor => effect: short circuiting the starter

    • -sputtered metal impurified gas => effect: switch won't close anymore

    • -bimetal strip fused to the other beam => switch won't open anymore, thus is short-circuited (as can be seen in the third picture)

    • 3. The error that is addressed in this guide is a fused bimetal strip. To determine if the two beams fused together, one can have a closer look at the glow lamp. If the beams in the lamp touch each other, then the bimetal strip fused to the other beam (as can be seen in the third picture).

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    • 1. Put the starter for 24 hours into the freezer (see picture 1).

    • 2. After 24 hours check visually if the bimetal strip is still fused to the other contact or if the bimetal strip opened and is functional again. (If the "quick and dirty way" was taken simply put the starter back to use).

    • 3. If the bimetal strip opened again the starter can now be put back into its housing and is ready for use.

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まとめ

To reassemble your device, follow these instructions in reverse order.

ある他の人がこのガイドを完成しました。

Josef

メンバー登録日: 2014年05月29日

51 ポイント

1ガイドが承認済み

As I tested at the industrial level such glow starters couple of years, following the required standards, I can only say that does not worth the effort of trying to repair one, unless you are somewhere in desert or a place forgotten by the rest of the world.

It is a lot cheaper to buy and replace with a new one.

Inside is a mixture of gases which with time they lose their pressure when is not very well sealed the glass of the bottle at the wire pins point. Besides the electrical arc inside modify slowly the composition of the gases. Not to mention that the bi-metal and the electrodes are worn out in time and the common failure is they stick together.

The presented solution is just something temporary, if you are in trouble one time or in the middle of nowhere.

I actually recommend the electronic starters. I know them very well. They make a new fluorescent lamp to last 10 years.

The have warranty over 10 years. In fact the combination magnetic ballast + electronic starter is better than electronic ballast.

Victor - 返信

Thank you Victor for your comment, I appreciate it.

But I have to say that "buying a new device" often makes sense economically speaking compared to repairing it. There are more benefits from repairing something than just the economical aspect (see the self-repair manifesto http://eustore.ifixit.com/en/The-iFixit-...).

Regarding the temporality of the solution I have to admit that I don’t have sufficient data to comment on it, but the starter that I repaired using this method is working now almost one year. I keep you posted.

Josef - 返信

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