The Critical Process Died error is due to a critical component malfunctioning within your system, ranging from hardware to firmware.
You can start by ruling out the firmware on the device by updating UEFI/BIOS by pressing delete in 1 second intervals upon startup. This will open the UEFI/BIOS. From here you will need to update/Flash your BIOS.
*Be Sure to Backup all your data if possible.
Steps an process can be found on ASUS website.
Here is a link https://www.asus.com/us/support/FAQ/1008...
Once that is done restart the system and try to retrace your steps as to how you got the Blue Screen of Death.
If it does reappear then you may want to try booting into safe mode to determine if it a hardware issue.
To get to safe mode you will press f8.
This takes you into a diagnostic tool. Feel free to run the diagnostics on your device.
Once you exit the Diagnostic tool, you want to select the troubleshoot option from the first menu and then option 5 in the next menu for the “Safemode with Networking”.
This will give you basic drivers for your laptop.
If it give a BSD again then it is definitely hardware and you will want to shift your focus onto your CPU and RAM.
Best of luck!